Monday, September 17, 2018

How Long, How Often?

Patients who come into my office usually want to know:  "How often do I have to come in, and for how long?" 
In my chiropractic practice, each patient's Treatment Plan is tailored to the individual. I have no set formulas or requirements. Some patients come in for their initial treatment and their follow-up visit, and they're done. Some people need more. 
Each person’s course of treatment depends on what their problem is, their general state of health & whether they take good care of themselves, whether they have a heathy diet, whether they've been injured, their lifestyle and what they do physically with their bodies, etc. 
My goal is to help bring each patient relief from pain and restore them to normal functioning.  As soon as they are sufficiently improved and able to continue healing on their own, I release them from active care.
        I am always available to support them, should they need me again.

Monday, September 10, 2018

Suboccipital Tension

Chronic tension at the base of the skull is a very common cause of discomfort and often a prelude to headaches.
       The occiput is the bone across the lower part of the back of our head, just above the top of our neck. Along its lower edge are the suboccipital muscles, which help support our head, help us move and turn our head, and often bear the burden of stressful postures, especially related to computer use.
I often find a patient’s suboccipital muscles so tight that the occiput itself is stressed abnormally downward on one or both sides. This is relieved by a gentle, precise adjustment with the Activator.
Activator Chiropractic adjustments combined with ergonomic counseling and stretches are an effective solution to this problem.

Monday, September 3, 2018

The Fabulous Fibula

There are two bones in the lower leg, the larger, heavier tibia and the smaller fibula, which is a long, slender bone parallel to the tibia, and on the outside of our leg. Ligaments connect the top of the fibula to the upper tibia just below the knee. The lower end of the fibula forms the “bump” on the outside of our ankle.
     Although the fibula minimally participates in weight-bearing, it provides attachment points for muscles and ligaments.  Between the tibia & the fibula is connecting tissue called the “interosseous membrane.”
What does this “extra” little bone do, besides hold onto muscles & ligaments? Quite interestingly, it is integrally involved in the biomechanics of the lower extremity and in the gait cycle. In my practice, I often find the upper and / or lower parts of the fibula misaligned, causing pain when sitting or walking. Precise adjustments with the Activator instrument correct the problem & bring relief.  

Monday, August 27, 2018

Jaw Pain

 Pain in the jaw is often due to problems with the temperomandibular (TMJ) joints---the right and / or left joint(s) may be misaligned or abnormally stressed. An example of abnormal stress is TMJ compression on one side and TMJ distraction on the opposite side.
Jaw pain can also be related to disturbances in the temporal cranial rhythms. The temporal bones are just above the TMJ on the sides of the head.
Treatment in my office includes careful assessment of the jaw complex and, if necessary, gentle adjustment with the Activator Instrument. If the temporal cranial rhythms are abnormal, I make gentle corrections with my hands.

Monday, August 20, 2018

Summer Art Series

"Each month in the summer, the Museum features a different local artist who is inspired by the natural world of the Santa Cruz region."

     I am pleased to support my community by sponsoring the 2018 Summer Art Series at the Museum.
     Go here to learn more:

Monday, August 13, 2018

Consequences of Whiplash

Among the common sequelae of an acceleration / deceleration injury (whiplash), including pain, are a feeling of weakness in the neck, temporary loss of the cervical curve, and development of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS).
These may not be immediately noticeable, but may appear slowly following the injury.
A feeling of weakness after this trauma is normal, and often the patient is given a foam neck brace, which helps support the head and relieve the cervical muscles.
Loss or straightening of the normal, forward-facing, cervical curve commonly appears on lateral X-ray, and may persist over months or even years. Proper rehabilitation, including chiropractic adjustments, can help restore the curve.
Numbness or tingling or pain down the arms or hands may develop after this trauma as the nerves exiting the spine in the cervical region become impinged between cervical muscles or in passage under the collarbone. This is called thoracic outlet syndrome. Resolution of TOS can take time, but is assisted by precise chiropractic adjustments, proper stretches, postural corrections, and focused soft tissue therapy.  

Monday, August 6, 2018

Shoulders Rolled Forward

 This is a common component, along with head-forward postures, of what’s called an upper thoracic kyphosis. The upper part of the back, and the shoulders and neck, become bent forward and over. In advanced stages, as with some elders, the condition has become so chronic it becomes impossible to straighten up. 
Strain on the neck and upper back, discomfort, compression of the anterior chest and lungs, shortening of the anterior cervical muscles, and medially rotated upper humerus (bone in the upper arm that articulates at the shoulder) are some of the results.
Early awareness and proaction can prevent this. Be aware of your posture---if you find your head is out in front of the center of gravity of your body, gently bring it back. If you spend lots of time on a computer, take frequent breaks to stretch, bring your shoulders back, roll and drop them to release tension.
An excellent stretch that counteracts development of this condition is simple and easy. Find and face into a corner, place your hands on the wall, keep your head up, and lean in. The stretch to the front of your chest and shoulders feels great! Change the height of your hands, and notice how you feel the stretch in different parts of your upper body. 
Sometimes this stretch is advised in a doorway, but I caution that it’s better to do it in a corner. You will be much less likely to lose your balance and overstretch.
Appropriate chiropractic adjustments help prevent the condition, as well. As an Activator doctor, I have precise, comfortable protocols for aligning and balancing the upper body. 

Monday, July 30, 2018

Medicare & Exercises

     Your Chiropractor may give you exercises or stretches to facilitate your healing and help keep your condition from recurring.
     Since for Chiropractic care, Medicare only pays for adjusting the spine, they will not reimburse for exercises, so the Medicare patient must pay for this often essential adjunct to their Chiropractic adjustments.
     The profession of Chiropractic is working with Medicare to change this, and hopefully, in the not-too-distant future, Medicare will agree to pay for this important part of a treatment plan.

Monday, July 23, 2018

Tight Psoas

     The psoas is a major postural muscle which attaches to the lumbar vertebrae and goes diagonally down and out to attach at the hip to the trochanter, or upper part of the femur.
     If the psoas is in spasm, it can pull the pelvic girdle into distortion, causing a short leg, and a myriad of other problems. 
     The spasm and resultant distortion cause discomfort, and can impact the gait.
     With my Activator instrument, I can correct the distortion, and reset the tension in the psoas. Then I'll show the patient how to stretch the psoas muscle at home on their own to help keep this from happening again.

Monday, July 16, 2018

Headache "Scrunch"

     Chronic extension of the neck---leaning the head backward---for example, to better see a computer screen when wearing bifocals or graduated corrective lenses---is a common cause of headaches. 
     It causes tension in the suboccipital muscles along the base of the skull, compression at the occiput, and can result in an upward tilt of the posterior part of the C2 vertebra.
     This combination is a reliable headache producer.
     Watch out for this posture, and if you do get in trouble because of it, my gentle, precise adjustments with Activator Chiropractic Method can correct the area and bring relief.

Monday, July 9, 2018

Memory Foam Pillows

     Some patients use them, and love them. In that case, I don’t try to talk them out of their pillow. But I’m not a fan of memory foam pillows, and here’s why:
     A good pillow, in order give adequate proper support to the cervical spine, should provide consistent resistive support.
     Is this what memory foam does? No, in fact the converse is true---it provides little to no such support. When you lie down on it, it squashes down as the weight of your head & neck contact the foam, creating an indentation which offers minimal, at best, support.

Monday, July 2, 2018

Calling All Birds

Attracting birds to your yard & garden is easy with native plants, which are adapted to your local climate, and require little special care in order to flourish.
The National Audubon Society offer a “native plant database,” where you can find your native plants, and how to grow them, by putting in your zip code  
Native plants will lure the birds you love to watch, help them to thrive, and support other beneficial pollinators in your area.

Monday, June 25, 2018

Numbness---Which Fingers?

     Numbness and tingling in the hand & fingers is often originating from impingement of nerves in the neck.
     The particular part of the hand or the finger(s) where the patient feels the numbness / tingling helps pinpoint the location of the impingement.
     Fortunately we have a "map" of the areas of skin (called "dermatomes") in different parts of the body that tells us which spinal nerve provides sensory innervation to each area. With minor individual variations, this dermatomal "map" is applicable to every patient.
     By comparing the patient's area of symptoms with the "map," the doctor can discern which nerve is being impinged. 
     As an Advanced Proficiency Rated Activator Chiropractor, I can make precise, gentle adjustments at the site of impingement, in this case in the neck, to relieve the symptoms.   

Monday, June 18, 2018

Glycemic Index

     The Glycemic Index (GI) is a relative ranking of carbohydrate foods according to how they affect blood glucose levels. The lower the relative value, the slower the metabolism of the food, and thus the slower the food causes an increase in blood glucose.
     Any rise in blood glucose, of course, affects insulin levels, a critical consideration for people who are diabetic or pre-diabetic.
     However, attention to the GI is a good idea for everyone, because spikes in blood sugar due to what we eat can lead, over time, to ever-increasing proximity to a diabetic state.
     So---it's not just about sugar! 
     Ultimately it's about how rapidly any food raises our level of blood sugar. 
     Find out more at 

Monday, June 11, 2018


     Combine "arthro" meaning "of a joint," and "kinematics," meaning "properties of motion of objects" and you get a cool new word, "arthrokinematics"---which is applicable in describing the motion of any joint in the body.
     For example, the "roll and slide" movement of the lower end of the thigh bone, the femur, moving against the top of the larger bone in the lower leg, the tibia, when bending the knee.
     Whether kicking a soccer ball (the femur is stable & the tibia is rolling & gliding)  or squatting (the tibia is stable & the femur will roll & glide), the arthrokinematics are crucial to maintaining stability of the knee throughout its range of motion.   

Monday, June 4, 2018

"The Straw That Broke the...

     .......Camel’s Back."  As the saying goes, when a seemingly insignificant action or event results in sudden, extreme pain. 
     What’s going on here?
     Patients often tell me, "All I did was bend over to pick up the newspaper," or "I just got up out of a chair." Simple actions that should not be expected to cause the pain that followed.
     In fact, 90% of the time, dysfunction has been building, often becoming more complex, but not yet symptomatic, or maybe the little twinges you felt were easy to ignore. 
     Then a simple movement, change of position, or event, suddenly pushes things over the edge into pain. What has been lurking becomes painfully impossible to ignore.
     When you feel those little twinges, or sense that maybe something in your underlying structure isn't right, come in and get your body balanced, and you're much less likely to get into that place of severe pain.

Monday, May 28, 2018

To Sit or Not to Sit

  Widely available in different configurations, the standing desk can be an ergonomic blessing to people whose work keeps them desk-bound for long periods of time. 
     Most advantageous are the adjustable types, which can be raised for working while standing, or lowered for sitting to work. The flexibility allows for changing positions throughout the work day, a good antidote to chronic unhealthy postures.
  Whether you sit or stand, or mix it up, it is still wise to take frequent breaks---at least once an hour, walk away from your desk, move around, get some motion in your body, do some stretching, rest your eyes.  
     If you decide to use a standing desk, it’s a good idea to have a cushioned pad to stand on.  

Monday, May 21, 2018

Rotated Scapula

The shoulderblade (scapula) often rotates abnormally, or becomes stressed, in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. Another way to conceptualize this is to imagine the bottom angle of the scapula moving in direction toward, or away from, the spine.
Because of how the scapula articulates at the shoulder, these rotations can affect the upper extremity all the way down to the wrist.
In my Activator Chiropractic protocol, after I find a rotated scapula and correct it, I then check the humerus (the bone in the upper arm), the radius and ulna (the two bones in the forearm), and the carpals (bones in the wrist).
This is a good example of the thoroughness of Activator Method when assessing and adjusting the  body.

Monday, May 14, 2018

As A Doctor Serving Medicare Patients

        Sadly, Medicare fraud is apparently rampant and on the rise. According to the April, 2018 edition of the AARP Bulletin, ways that fraudsters have figured out how to “bilk the system” include:
---”charging for services never delivered,
---falsifying patient records,
---inflating claims,
---stealing your ID,
---filing duplicate claims,
---providing unneeded equipment,
---buying off doctors / patients, (and)
---shortchanging your care.”

As a Doctor Serving Medicare Patients, I take my responsibilities to you and to the Medicare system very seriously. I work hard and pay careful attention to:
 ---giving you honest, clear, and complete information about your care in my office,
---inviting questions about anything, anytime, including my services, fees, what Medicare covers and does not cover, 
---guarding your personal records and information carefully,
---keeping complete & legible records about your diagnoses, your treatment, and your progress,
---being vigilant, careful, and compliant about Medicare rules,
---treating you only as frequently & for as long as is reasonable & necessary for your recovery from pain & resumption of acceptable functional status, and
---reporting accurately to Medicare on your behalf about the care you receive here.

Monday, May 7, 2018

Ventana Wilderness Alliance

     I am proud to support this local group, which is dedicated to preserving, protecting, and restoring the wilderness public lands of the northern Santa Lucia Mountains and the Big Sur coast. 
     From their website :
     "Founded in 1998, the Ventana Wilderness Alliance (VWA) is a California nonprofit corporation with IRS 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status. It is dedicated to protecting the wildlands of California's northern Santa Lucia mountain range. VWA is composed of people from all walks of life who share a love of Wilderness and a goal to ensure it remains wild in perpetuity."
     See page 6 in their Spring, 2018 newsletter   for my personal statement of support.

Monday, April 30, 2018

A Real "Pain in the Neck"

 Over my 25 years in practice, I have found that many cases of severe neck pain involve counter-rotations of cervical vertebrae. 
A vertebra will be abnormally rotated in one direction, clockwise or counter clockwise around a vertical axis, and its neighbor will be rotated in the opposite direction.
These misalignments are precisely corrected with the Activator instrument, placed strategically on each vertebra and appropriately vectored.
The patient feels instant relief.  

Monday, April 23, 2018

Rotator Cuff

  Patients are sometimes confused about this, and wrongly think of it as part of their bones. 
But the rotator cuff consists of four MUSCLES that attach from the front, back, and side of the shoulder blade, and grip the head of the humerus (the bone in the upper arm) like a hand would grip a baseball.
These muscles stabilize the humeral head, or “knob” at the upper end of the bone, near the shoulder. They also act on the humerus to cause different movements, such as when we lift our arm out and up (abduction), turn our arm in (internal rotation) or out (external rotation).
The tendons attaching these muscles to bones act as mechanical “blockers” to excessive movements, helping to keep movements of the arm at the shoulder within normal range.
If the arm is taken beyond these normal limits of movement, tears in the tendons or muscles of the rotator cuff often happen.

Monday, April 16, 2018

A Lateral Sacrum

 Sometimes when everything---all misalignments and fixations---has been cleared,  and abnormal stresses have been detected, adjusted, and the pelvis balanced back to equilibrium. there is still discomfort in the sacrum or sacroiliac joint(s).
In this case, I have the patient, who is lying face down, lift each leg, without bending the knee, as high off the table as they comfortably can.
99.9% of the time, if one leg is harder to lift, or can’t be lifted as high, the sacrum is stressed laterally on that side.
A precise, directional adjustment with the Activator instrument fixes the problem and brings relief. 

Monday, April 9, 2018

Magnificent Magnesium

 One of the most abundant minerals in the body, magnesium is involved in a multitude of essential biochemical processes. 
It is important for the heart, brain, function of the mitochondria (tiny energy producing centers in our cells), cell health & function, metabolism of other essential minerals, regulation of blood sugar, muscle & nerve function, secretion of neurotransmitters, and blood pressure. 
An RBC (red blood cell) magnesium test measures your magnesium level.
Some common signs of magnesium deficiency include muscle spasms (such as “charley horses” in the calf muscles), eye twitches, numbness or tingling in the extremities, frequent headaches or migraines, heart arrhythmias, low energy, and fatigue.
Some foods high in magnesium are avocados, raw cacao, and seeds and nuts (pumpkin, sesame, and sunflower are highest). Herbs & spices---chives, parsley, mustard seeds, fennel, basil, cloves, and cumin seeds---are another good source.

Monday, April 2, 2018

Hyperextension of the Knee

Extension of the knee beyond its normal limit is a common cause of knee pain. Patients may be aware of what happened if it occurred during sports activities, a misstep, or a workout, but other causes of hyperextension may not be so obvious to them. 
For example, one common troublemaker is resting one’s foot up on an ottoman while sitting, resulting in extension stress at the knee.
Activator Chiropractic adjustments can correct the problem quickly and precisely, and bring relief. 

Monday, March 26, 2018

Functional Impairment

     How is your condition affecting your ability to function in your life activities? 
     This is now the standard criterion used to determine a course of care, and how long that care will be covered by health insurance. 
     Doctors, Physical Therapists, and other caregivers are expected to measure patient status and effectiveness of their treatment plan by “Outcome Measures”----tools that reflect how well the patient is returning to normal life functioning.

Monday, March 19, 2018

Posture - Induced Headache

     “Craning” the neck to look upward toward a TV or computer monitor, or tilting the head backward to see a monitor through the near-focus part of bifocals, is a common cause of headache. 
     This posture causes the occiput (the bone across the back of the head, just above the spine) to be stressed inferiorly. This inferiority may be more on one side or the other (unilateral) or global (bilateral). 
     When I see this in patients in my office, it  is often in combination with a superiority of the back part of the second cervical vertebra, which makes the headache even worse.
     My Activator Chiropractic Method has focused, precise adjustments that correct the problems without discomfort to the patient, and I offer ergonomic counseling to keep it from happening again.   

Monday, March 12, 2018

New Medicare Allowances

Medicare has increased allowances for Chiropractic care of the spine for 2018. This good news means smaller copays, or more money back from Medicare if patients pay at time of service.
In my office, all patients pay at the time of visit, including Medicare patients. I report the diagnoses and services to Medicare, and Medicare then reimburses the patient directly.   

Monday, March 5, 2018

Homeless Garden, Santa Cruz

Now in its 28th year of providing “job training, transitional employment, and support services” to homeless people in an organic urban farm setting, the Santa Cruz Homeless Garden Project is a successful, inspirational prototype for helping people lift themselves out of homelessness.
New work skills develop in the healing process of growing organic foods, social relationships are built with other workers & volunteers, and self esteem is nurtured by producing and sharing healthy foods.
Workers and volunteers enjoy 4 hot meals a week together from the garden. Customers can shop the Garden’s bounty at the Farmstand, which is open Tuesday - Sunday, 10 - 4, or sign up to get regular food boxes from the Garden. 
     To learn more, volunteer, or find out how to visit the Garden, go to:   

Monday, February 26, 2018

Kinematic Chain

      The shoulder, arm, wrist and hand function as what is known as a “kinematic chain.” 
     Think of this as an anatomical “connected movement” chain. Functioning of each part is connected to, symbiotic with, and consequential with, the other parts.
     In-other-words, what's happening at the shoulder may reverberate down and affect the elbow, wrist, and hand. Or in the reverse, dysfunction or injury at the hand, wrist, or elbow can affect the functioning of the shoulder.
      This is why, as an Activator Chiropractor, my precise adjustments to correct a problem anywhere in the upper extremity often include adjustments all the way up or down the arm to include all the component parts.

Monday, February 19, 2018

Five Keys to Healthy Sitting

      A healthy sitting position can be critical not only to your comfort, but also to good postural and spinal health. Here are simple things to pay attention to:

     ---have both feet flat on the floor,
     ---your knees should be slightly lower than the level of your hips,
     ---your back is resting comfortably against your chair, and
     ---your head is in line with center of gravity of your body (avoid head-forward postures).

     One of the most important features of whatever chair you use is that you can change the height of the seat.
     In most cases, t's not necessary to spend lots of $$ for a fancy chair. You just need to be able to adjust the height of the seat, so that your knees can be slightly lower than the level of your hips.

Monday, February 12, 2018

Unhealthy Oils

Vegetable oils will oxidize when exposed to heat, even cooking at low temperatures. Even if stored in a cool place, these oils will oxidize over time at nothing more than room temperature. 
This is because vegetable oils (except coconut oil, which is saturated) are unsaturated fats, which means, chemically speaking, that they contain carbon-to-carbon double bonds, which are vulnerable to oxygen’s “hopping on” and attaching. 
The attachment of oxygen across these chemical bonds creates a toxic molecule which is not healthy to ingest. Millions of these unhealthy molecules may exist in a bottle of corn oil, or safflower oil, or other vegetable oils. 
  Thus it is never wise to cook with vegetable oils.
Monounsaturated oils, though still unsaturated, are less so, because they have fewer potential oxidation sites than polyunsaturated oils. An example of a monounsaturated oil is olive oil. Canola oil is also a monounsaturated oil, but it is processed with heat and toxic chemicals that make it undesirable.  
Choose healthy oils and fats:  organic, cold-pressed olive oil, organic, unrefined coconut oil, and organic butter.

Monday, February 5, 2018

Boys and Girls Clubs of Santa Cruz County

   Boys and Girls Clubs of Santa Cruz County have afterschool programs for youth aged 6 - 18. Activities include help with homework, tutoring, arts & crafts, computer training, gym and sports, and game rooms.
Programs offer music lessons, swim lessons & swim team, a Basketball League, special events for teens, and Summer Day Camps.
In Social Awareness groups for teens, participants discuss news events from the past week and talk about how these events may affect their personal world. They also talk about issues teens face in their everyday lives and how to safely and wisely navigate through them.
The Basketball League runs in partnership with the Golden State Warriors Jr. Warriors program, receives lots of support from the Santa Cruz Warriors D Team, and final playoffs of Boys and Girls Club basketball competition are held in the Santa Cruz Warriors Arena. Basketball games begin in early January each year.
Find out more about Boys and Girls Clubs of Santa Cruz County and their Downtown Santa Cruz and Live Oak centers at 


Monday, January 29, 2018

Suboccipital Tension

        The occiput is the bone across the lower part of the back of our head, just above the top of our neck. Along the lower edge of it are the suboccipital muscles, which help support our head, help us move and turn our head, and often bear the burden of stressful postures, especially related to computer use.
Many people are very familiar with this area because they experience chronic tension here. Tension in these muscles is a common prelude to headaches.
I have specific, gentle Activator Chiropractic adjustments to relieve this tension, and to re-position a misaligned occiput. After treatment, it is essential for patients to avoid stressful postures that cause the tension to become re-established.

Monday, January 22, 2018

An Often Forgotten Joint in the Pelvis

        In the front of our pelvis is a joint called the pubic symphysis. It is an essential, but often overlooked, part of our pelvic girdle. Many people are unaware that it even exists.
The pubic symphysis is an essential joint because it is integrally involved in motion of the pelvis during our gait cycle (walking), stability and equilibrium of the pelvic girdle, and is important in childbirth. It has a disc, like the discs in our spine, and is expandable during passage of a baby through the mother’s birth canal.
I often find this joint misaligned when the patient’s pelvis is distorted, especially when the distortion is more toward the severe end of the spectrum. Precise, directional correction of the misalignment with Activator Chiropractic relieves pelvic pain and helps the pelvis to stabilize. 

Monday, January 15, 2018

Plantar Fascitis

        Plantar fascitis is a painful condition caused by inflammation of the plantar (bottom of the foot) fascia. The plantar fascia is a sheath of fibrous tissue between the layers of muscles on the bottom of the foot. Microtears in the ligament that attaches these muscles to the heel bone may also be a source of the pain.
This condition often comes on slowly, and may be related to overuse, such as in runners or frequent walkers, or in people whose work or activities include a lot of standing. It can be difficult to resolve because weight-bearing constantly aggravates it.
My treatment plan includes appropriate orthotics to help support and protect the irritated tissues; precise chiropractic adjustments to the feet, ankles, knees, hips, and pelvis; ice and other topical anti-inflammatories; stretches and exercises for the feet; and nutritional advice re elimination of inflammatory foods. 

Monday, January 8, 2018

Medicare & Maintenance Care

     Medicare guidelines state that they will only pay for Chiropractic treatment that is Medically Reasonable or Necessary (defined as treatment that yields a significant improvement in clinical findings and patient functionality).
     To you, and in the clinical judgement of your Chiropractor, your treatment may be CLINICALLY APPROPRIATE:  it may enhance your life, relieve your symptoms, support your health and well-being, or prevent the deterioration of a chronic condition. 
     But treatment that is CLINICALLY APPROPRIATE may not fit Medicare’s definition of MEDICALLY NECESSARY. Your Chiropractor, by law, must inform Medicare when your care is Maintenance Care, so that Medicare understands that this care is not reimbursable, and you will be responsible for payment. 

Monday, January 1, 2018

Welcoming Winter Birds

     Birds migrating through in winter, and those who stay in our areas year-round, can use some help during the cold winter months. According to Audubon, we can support the winter birds by:
     (1) making a brush pile in the corner of the yard--it will offer shelter & night roosting places,
     (2) leaving the leaves---make piles under shrubs & trees, and they will harbor bugs and spiders for birds to eat,
     (3) creating a mini-meadow where grasses & weeds can grow; the plants here that naturally go to seed will feed many of the seed-eating birds.
     Go to to find out more.